How to write a sociology essay: definition of the statement, the urgency of the problem, argumentation of personal statement
The structure of sociology essay usually looks like this:
- The problem raised by the author; its relevance.
- The meaning of the statement.
- Own point of view.
- Argumentation at the theoretical level.
- At least two examples from social practice, history and / or literature, confirming the correctness of the judgments.
Quote: choice of utterance
When choosing statements for sociology essay, you should be sure that:
- you know the basic concepts of the basic science to which it relates;
- clearly understand the meaning of the statement;
- you can express your own opinion (fully or partially agree with the statement or refute it);
- you know the social science terms necessary to correctly substantiate your personal position at the theoretical level (the terms and concepts used must be clearly consistent with the topic of the essay and not go beyond it);
- you will be able to give examples from social practice, history, literature, as well as personal life experience to confirm your own opinion.
Definition of the problem statement
For a more precise formulation of the problem, we offer a list of possible formulations of problems that occur most often in sociology:
- The ratio of objective and subjective factors affecting social processes.
- The role of spiritual and material values in people’s lives.
- Social inequality and struggle.
- Maintaining the stability of public life.
- Progressive change (progress) of the organization of society.
- Regularities in the differentiation of male and female social roles.
- Historically unequal relationships between men and women.
- Specific qualities of the city.
- The social nature of knowledge, thinking, and the activities of society.
- Processes of communication between social groups.
- Youth as a social community.
- Features of socialization of generations entering into life.
- Peculiarities of the way of life of young people.
Formation of life plans, goals and value orientations.
- Social mobility.
- Performing various social roles.
- Science as a social institution.
- Social functions of science.
The need to identify the urgency of the problem
After formulating the problem, it is necessary to indicate the urgency of the problem in modern conditions. To do this, you can use cliché phrases:
This problem is relevant in the context of…
- …globalization of public relations;
- …the formation of a single information, educational, economic space;
- …aggravation of global problems of our time;
- …a special contradictory nature of scientific discoveries and inventions
- …the development of international integration;
- …the modern market economy;
- …development and overcoming of the world economic crisis;
- …rigid differentiation of society;
- …the open social structure of modern society;
- …the formation of a rule-of-law state;
- …overcoming the spiritual, moral crisis.
The formulation of the main idea of the utterance is very important
Next, we need to disclose the meaning of the statement, but do not repeat the verbatim statement. In this case, you can use the following clichés:
- “The meaning of this statement is that…”
- “The author draws our attention to the fact that…”
- “The author is convinced that…”
The definition of your position to the statement
Here you can agree with the author completely, you can partially refute the specific part of the statement, or argue with the author, expressing the opposite opinion. You can use cliché phrases:
- “I agree with the author that…”
- “We cannot disagree with the author of this statement about…”
- “The author was right in saying that…”
- “In my opinion, the author quite clearly reflected in his statement the picture of modern Russia (modern society… the situation that has developed in society… one of the problems of our time)”
- “I dare to disagree with the author’s opinion that…”
- ” In part, I adhere to the author’s point of view on…, but with… I cannot agree”
- “Are you above that…?”
Argumentation of one’s own opinion and the formation of an output
Next, one should justify his own opinion on this issue. For this, it is necessary to choose arguments (proofs), that is, to recall the main terms, theoretical positions.
The argument should be carried out on two levels:
- Theoretical level – its basis is social science knowledge (concepts, terms, contradictions, directions of scientific thought, interrelations, and opinions of scientists and thinkers).
- Empirical level – there are two possible options:
- a) use of examples from history, literature and events in society;
- b) recourse to personal experience.
The conclusion should not coincide verbatim with the judgment given for the justification: it brings together the one or two sentences of the basic ideas of arguments and sums up the arguments, confirming the correctness or incorrectness of the judgment that was the theme of the essay.
To formulate a problematic conclusion, cliché phrases can be used:
- “Thus, one can draw a conclusion…”
- “Summing up a general line, I would like to note that…”